Category Archives: Smart City

Smart Cities, not only new Research Papers but also exciting forecast!

The debate about SMART CITY is booming, both as an opportunity to drive a more sustainable economic development and an incubator of innovation and transformation that can merge the Virtual World of Mobile Services, Internet of Things and Social Networks with the Physical Infrastructures of Smart Building, Smart Utilities (i.e. electricity, heating, water, waste, transportation, and unified communication&collaboration infrastructure).

William J. Mitchell stated it many years ago “Our cities are fast transforming into artificial ecosystems of interconnected, interdependent intelligent digital organisms”, but now there is a growing agreement about leading advisors like Forrester, McKinsey, Pike Research, ABIResearch and investors, including public ones like the EU SETIS Roadmap (next figure), that the transformation of the metropolitan landscape is driven by the opportunity to embed intelligence into any component of our towns and connect them in real time merging physical world of objects, humans and virtual conversation and transactions.

EU SmartCity Roadmap

Let’s start with some examples of smart city investments:

· South Korea : Songdo (Incheon) privately developed city : $35-$42 billion, climbing, flagship of Cisco’s Smart + Connected communities, ubiquitous tele-presence

· India: Lavasa, IPO $437 million (planned), Hindustan Construction Company ,Wipro and Cisco; Kochi: 90K new jobs, Nano City,

· China is the country where the transformation is more quickly: 18+ cities have announced smart city plans. Ningbo:“smart city action plan” $6.4 billion in 5 years, 87 individual projects. premier Wen Jiabao speech @Wuxi: “Internet + Internet of Things = Wisdom of the Earth.” Plus: Caofeidian ($450 billions by 2030) Beijing, Shanghai, Wuxi, Chengdu, Wuhan, Kunming, Foshan, Shenzhen, Shenyang ($40 million), Hunan cluster (8 cities) and Guangzhou.

· United Arab Emirates: Masdar, $22 billions (Project by Norman Foster)

· Many other leading Smart Cities: King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC, Saudi Arabia),Malta, Skolkovo (Russia), PlanIT Valley (Portugal), Dubuque (US:Iowa), Holyoke (US:Massachusetts), San Diego (US: California), Amsterdam (NL EUR1,1 billion by 2012), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), Singapore, Sydney, Yokohama & Fujisawa (Japan), Curitiba (BR).

Recently several analysts provided some exciting forecasts, for example:

· ABI Research on smart city : $8.1 billion spent in 2010, $39.5 billion by 2016. There are 102 active or completed smart city projects (EU 38 cities, NA 35, APAC 21, MEA 6)

· Pike Research on smart city : over $100 billion will be spent in next 10 years

· Lux Research: “Technologies for Future Cities: Integrating Efficiency, Sustainability, and Environmental Concerns”: by 2032, over $40 trillion should be required to retrofit and expand dated urban infrastructure in Brownfield cities, adding to investment for building new Greenfield efficient future cities like Masdar in Abu Dhabi: $22 billion and Songdo in Korea: $42 billion.

There are many consulting companies that have dedicated teams on smart cities that are publishing new reports, for example:

· McKinsey has previously stated that “Over the next 15 years, 600 cities will account for more than 60 percent of global GDP growth” and provided a tool “Global Cities of the future” for “Exploring the globe and view data on the dramatic urban growth expected by 2025”, in another research focused on How green are China’s cities?, and in “What Matters online” has identified the “What matters about Cities” as a core topic in which is involving some of the best thinkers from around the world in the discussion.

· Forrester launched a Smart City Tweet Jam and published many researches addressing the different segment of Smart City stakeholders, for example: Helping CIOs Understand “Smart City” Initiatives, Securing Smart City Infrastructure, Smart City Leaders Need Better Governance Tools.

Not for profits organization are also working seriously on this topic, for example:

· As part of the SMART2020 program The Climate Group has published, Information Marketplaces: The New Economics of Cities, that was written in partnership with, Arup, Accenture, Horizon and the University of Nottingham, in order to investigates how technology can be used in cities to meet the growing challenges of expanding urbanization.

· ICLEI, that published the Global Report “Financing the Resilient City, A white paper” seeks to build Sustainable Communities and Cities by enabling local governments achieve justice, security, resilience, viable economies, and healthy environments. The four initiatives are: Resilient Communities and Cities, Just and Peaceful Communities, Viable Local Economies, and Eco-efficient Cities. For an overview you can read the Resilient Cities profile brochure.

Smart City revolution is coming to Italy, too. Some early projects were already done in the past, for example European Smart Cities project compared Ancona (51th), Perugia (52th), Trento (45th) and Trieste (49th) with other early smart EU cities, more recently the Rete città intelligenti was promoted by ForumPA with IBM, including smaller towns effort like Monteveglio with Transition Town or those involved in the ZeroCO2 Communities project.

But it was the FP7 European Initiative on Smart Cities that has ignited many local Public administrations, such as Genova, Torino, Bari, Firenze, Milano, Parma, Palermo to launch new initiatives in order to take advantage of the opportunity of funding (10 000 – 12 000 M€ for a total of 40 000 M€ ). Obviously competition is hard since EU will co-finance only 25 large cities (>500 000 inhabitants) and 5 very large cities (>1 000 000 inhabitants) committing to implement the proposed demonstration, testing and deployment programmes in the 3 sectors – buildings, energy networks and transport and to go beyond the 2020 EU climate and energy targets.

There are also many other efforts in place, one of the most forward looking is at the heart of the design of the EXPO 2015 exhibition (6 month since may 1st 2015, 20 million visits planned), inheriting the legacy of EXPO 2010, whose theme “better city better life” was already connected to the development of sustainable smart cities . Digital Smart City Expo 2015 will be built and operated on state of the art technology, in order to propose a model for Smart Cities of the Future, in terms of infrastructure, operations and services to visitors/citizens. It will also “empower visitors to become food-aware citizens, combining groundbreaking technological services with environmental sustainability as a template for our future cities”.

Donato

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Smart City from IBM and Innovatori JAM

IBM has presented yesterday, during the Smarter Cities Europe analyst briefing in Milan, a new, very interesting solution (including a Lecture by Colin Harrison, IBM Distinguished Engineer and Master Inventor):  the IBM Intelligent Operations Center for Smarter Cities for building a more resilient society starting from sustainable smart cities using and holistic, ICT enabled approach. IBM Italy also showed a new demo room: “Major Smart Office” based on it (even if personally I was not too excited about the early version of the demo itself, because integration from some of best of breed projects missed a clear focus to the specific needs of a public local administration, as those that are common in Europe; probably the role based dashboard can be improved to make it more effective). This solution is a framework, delivered as part of the IBM Government Industry Framework , that  “synchronizes and analyzes efforts among sectors and agencies as they happen, giving decision makers consolidated information that helps them anticipate—rather than just react to—problems. By using these tested approaches, cities can manage growth and development in a sustainable way that minimizes disruptions and helps increase prosperity for everyone”.  It was derived insight from about 2,000 smarter cities projects around the world (20% in EU) in which IBM was involved or leaded (one of them “Bolzano Living safe”, presented the same day, related to health monitoring of elderly living alone in urban environment, was my favorite), aiming to enable the real-time communication and collaboration, reduce the impact of crisis situations and the overall cost of maintenance and repairs, minimize life-threatening issue and disruptions to public services and activities for citizens and city users. Various ICT components, such as Business Intelligence and prediction, where IBM has a strong reputation, and technologies from selected partners, such as sensors and smart grid and building can be selectively configured to specific needs (even if my first impression was that a monolithic “company ERP like” or “operating system architecture” approach might have influenced the design, that sounds to me more appealing for the new big smart cities of APAC). What makes it more interesting , in my opinion, is that the solution is made available also for IBM SmartCloud, with a subscription model that makes it attractive, in an CAPEX constrained public sector scenario, above all for medium size cities (or consortium of smaller towns). Obviously the core advantage of this SAAS solution  is related to the opportunity of quickly leveraging the outcomes of leading smart cities projects, the gateways to external data sources (including a rich partner ecosystem) and ability of IBM Global services to tune the system to the specific rules, issues and constraints of a local administration, ability to provide quick dynamic power and capability to specific planned events (such as Olympics games or world EXPO), or provide a new infrastructure after a major catastrophic event. You can find the IBM solution brief here . You can also browse IBM redbooks for Smarter Cities Series starting from: “A Foundation for Understanding IBM Smarter Cities”.

I also take the opportunity to invite you (or at least Italian speaking ones)  to the Innovatori Jam 2011 on September 14th-15th, a social Web 2.0 based event, that allow up to 20000 people to discuss and interact on 10 topics (forums), one of them is “Smart Cities” J. This Jam is organized by the” Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Agenzia per la diffusione delle tecnologie per l’innovazione” with IBM as technology partner and il Sole 24 ore as a media partner with the support of many “communities” including Think! For Innovation (a not for profit Innovation knowledge foundation) that I support, where you can find my related paper: The Smart City vision: How Innovation and ICT can build smart, “liveable”, sustainable cities.

Innovatori Jam 2011It will be very interesting to test this brainstorming tool in the Italian scenario, since one year ago in England, the Coventry City Council held a three-day IBM Jam (CovJam) to engage in substantial conversation with its citizens and stakeholders about the city’s future. Martin Reeves, Chief Executive of Coventry City Council, stated: “People know that we can’t change overnight, that we need to take baby steps to being a smarter city with low-cost, practical projects. I was really impressed with some straightforward, not very costly ideas that people would like us to implement over the next few years.”

The five  topics for CovJam were:

  • The Rebirth of Coventry – thinking of ways to improve the urban landscape of Coventry
  • Sent to Coventry – discussing what Coventry wants to be renowned for
  • Aspiring Coventry – looking at how to raise the expectations of Coventry and its citizens
  • Community Cohesion – examining how people in Coventry can get on with each other
  • Citizens in the Driving Seat – discussing how Coventry residents can have control of the city

Ningbo a leading chinese example of smart city

Smart cities are booming in Asia as urbanization is moving at the same pace there.  21 megacities already account for 9% of the world urban population; 97% of the fastest growing cities are in growth markets, 8 in China, 11 in India.  The China’s urban population has expanded rapidly in recent years. McKinsey estimated in a report in 2009 that an additional 350 million people, more than the population of the U.S., would move to the cities by 2015. More than 220 Chinese cities will have more than one million people (there are currently only 35 in Europe). This help to explain why in China, as many as 18 cities (according to a Lux Research report) have announced smart city plans. These include some of the biggest cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, and a number of small to medium-size cities, such as Ningbo, Wuxi, Chengdu, Wuhan, Kunming, Foshan, Shenzhen, and Guangzhou.

Ningbo is a seaport city in Zhejiang province, not too far from Shanghai since 2008, when a 33 km cross-sea bridge was built, allowing travel to Shanghai in less than two hours, with a population of 7.6 million inhabitants. Last year Ningbo released its action plan for developing as a Smart City (2011-2015) and soon it will held the “China Smart City Technology & Applications Expo”. According to the smart city plan, RMB 40.7 billion  will be invested in projects in the next 5 years (12th Five-Year Plan period). The plan address Five “Speed Ups”: Speed up construction of international strong port, building a modern metropolis, industrial restructuring, building a Smart City, construction of ecological civilization and improvement of life quality. There are 87 individual projects covering logistics, manufacturing, public services, energy, social administration, traffic, healthcare, residential site management, and entertainment services. For example IBM Smart Logistics Center, Ningbo Branch Corporation of Tata of India, BT Cloud Computing Center, Shuguang Cloud Computing Center have come to settle in.  Recently 100 companies and research institutes in Ningbo have formed a huge industrial chain of Internet of Things. The IoT is to generate an output value of RMB 5000 billion in coming 10 years. Currently, the Ningbo companies of IoT are mainly engaged in application solutions, sensors, transmission and telecom, computing, etc. Last year, they generated income of 10 billion yuan (excluding those from operators). With the progress of the Smart City construction, a number of application demo projects featuring the IOT technology are being undertaken, such as smart logistics and smart health care. With regard to infrastructure, the city has had a high-speed intranet and internet that covers all the urban areas, with the outlet bandwidth of 580 G. There are 10.55 million mobile phone subscribers, 840,000 3G subscribers. 1.77 million households have had internet access. With the progress of the Wireless Ningbo project, the 3G-based wireless wideband network has reached every corner of the city. A new-generation wireless network with TD-LTE as the core is to be built soon.  Also Smart Grid is part of the effort: during the 12th “Five-year Plan” period, Ningbo will invest 16.5 billion into the construction of the power grid. In fact  the electricity consumption in Ningbo will maintain a relatively rapid growth, with an expected average annual growth rate of 9.8% in its maximum load and 9.0% in its power supply volume in 2015. Ningbo power grid will develop photovoltaic power and wind power projects, adding an energy capacity of 100Mw. It will strive to achieve a 10% coverage of clean energy including natural gas, wind power, solar energy and biomass energy, thus furthering optimizing the proportion of energy supply. Ningbo will speed up also the construction of rechargeable power stations, three of medium-size and 60 rechargeable piles in the first phase. An official from Ningbo Power Bureau stated that “The average time of power failure will be drop down, from current 45 minutes down to 5 minutes or so. Power failure notification and pre-control can be accurate to every household. People can make reasonable electricity plans, control home appliances, watch TV through power line and so on, all with the help of smart interactive system.”
“China Smart City Technology & Applications Expo” will open from September 2 to 4 in Ningbo, it is China’s first and largest expo on the subject of smart city, and it will consist of the exhibitions and forums. The 21,000 m2 exhibition area has been fully booked by over 300 companies. Information from the organizing committee shows that 70% of the exhibiting companies are engaged in IT business, including 12 world top 500 companies, such as HP, IBM, Microsoft, NEC, HUAWEI, SIEMENS, etc, 4.4 billion purchasing funds by government. It is estimated that the fair is to attract 35000 visitors, including 10,000 professionals and 25000 common people.

The official government site states: “The city has made great progress in major projects for smart city construction. A meeting held on July 8th 2011 stated that the schemes for three pilot programs have been completed, which are about smart logistics, smart health care and smart social management. Some breakthroughs have been made and a large number of major projects have been settled so far; a number of other programs have been started, such as smart transport, smart Chengguan, smart manufacturing, trade, energy use, home services, etc.”

Senseable lab: from the Copenhagen wheel to PURBA

Most of you should remember of the Green Wheel, by MIT Mobile Experience Lab and Smart Cities Group, a smart mobility system in a wheel, that collects energy while riding the bicycle and releases it when needed.  Additionally it provides remote monitoring. The Copenhagen wheel (presented at COP15 Copenhagen) is a further evolution, developed by the peer MIT SENSEable Lab in cooperation with Ducati. It transforms ordinary bicycles into hybrid e-bikes that also function as mobile sensing units. In fact it can map pollution levels (carbon monoxide, NOx), noise, ambient temperature and relative humidity, traffic congestion, and document road conditions in real-time. Controlled through a smart phone, the Copenhagen Wheel it allows to lock the bike, change gears and select how much the motor assists you, capture your effort level and those of your surroundings if you agree to share those information with your friend community, or city administration, that will get granular data in real life traffic condition.

New applications keep on being developed by the Senseable Lab, directed by Carlo Ratti, in order to build a real-time city: “ The increasing deployment of sensors and hand-held electronics in recent years is allowing a new approach to the study of the built  environment. The way we describe and understand cities is being radically transformed – alongside the tools we use to design them and impact on their physical structure.” The lab has produced: 200+ scientific papers, 35+ real-world projects, 25+ exhibitions, 100+ conference keynote addresses, numerous awards and representation in the global media.

The Senseable Lab is defined by the anthropologist Luca Simone as a “transdisciplinary” research group that “studies the interface between cities, people and technologies and investigates how the ubiquity of digital devices and the telecommunications networks that augment our cities are impacting urban living”.

Recently the MIT Senseable Lab organized  the First Workshop on Pervasive Urban Applications (PURBA) that took  place in conjunction with the 9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing in San Francisco, CA, USA on June 12-15, 2011, bringing  together researchers and practitioners to discuss and explore the research challenges and opportunities in applying the pervasive computing paradigm to urban spaces. It promoted “multi-disciplinary contributions that reveal interesting aspects about urban life and exploit the digital traces to create novel urban applications that benefit citizens, urban planners, and policy makers”. In my understanding the proposed scenario was the following:

  • Digital networks and operations has produced an unprecedented wealth of information about URBAN LIFE.
  • Handheld electronics, location devices, telecommunications networks, and a wide assortment of tags and sensors are constantly producing a rich stream of data reflecting various aspects of urban life.
  • For urban planners and designers, these accumulations of digital traces are valuable sources of data in capturing the pulse of the city in an astonishing degree of temporal and spatial detail.
  • We move toward achieving an augmented, fine-grained understanding of how the city functions – socially, economically and yes, even psychologically (“the city as a social archipelago”).

Many Papers were submitted to the PURBA best student paper award, the following ones were elected for final selection:

ICT companies focused on smart city effort (CISCO CUD)

Several ICT companies (e.g. IBM: Smart Planet, Accenture: Intelligent City Network, CISCO: Connected Urban Development, Ericsson Smart City, etc.) and research institutions (e.g. MIT: Smart City SENSEable lab,  Terreform One, etc.) already offer services and solutions’ components that can help to build more livable, sustainable cities by innovative ICT usage. It is not easy to evaluate how much are they applicable and compatible to specific scenarios and constraints, even if in many towns such as Boulder or Amsterdam many ICT companies are working together with utilities, universities and other organization to provide integrated solutions. Since I recently had the opportunity to listen to the presentation “Cisco Smart Connected Communities: Evoluzione dei Servizi al Cittadino” by Fabio Florio, I’ll start to present my understanding of CISCO CUD vision, that is strongly connected to the role of networking and internet based services in driving changes (“If it’s Connected to the Internet, it can be Greener.”)

CISCO: Connected Urban Development

San Francisco, Amsterdam, Seoul, Birmingham, Hamburg, Lisbon, and Madrid as member of Connected Urban Development (CUD) cities, aim to demonstrate how to reduce carbon emissions, delivering innovative, sustainable models for urban planning and economic development. ICT, above all high connectivity and collaboration, allow introducing fundamental improvements in the efficiency of urban infrastructure. The CUD effort is supported by Cisco, aligned with the “Clinton Global Climate Initiative” since 2006, with the contribution of MIT Mobile Experience Lab. It envisions a future “where the intelligent use of networking architectures can transform society not only by boosting productivity and spurring economic growth, but also by supporting environmental sustainability and enhancing the quality of life in urban environments”.

The CUD scope refers to the following areas:                                                                  

  •  Increasing efficiency of traffic flow, service offerings and manageability of public transportation, also to avoid that urban mobility problems can rapidly turn into an urban mobility crisis
  • Establishing new distributed delivery models for city services to its residents
  • Creating sustainable real estate models which incorporate energy efficiency and new work environment models (remote worker, collaboration, shared space)
  • Enabling new resident services to self-manage carbon footprint

Success metrics defined for CUD include:

  • Decrease of Transport Demand (in terms of traffic volume)
  • Increase of Transport Speed (in terms of traffic speed and throughput)
  • Reduced tonnage of emissions: CO2, NOx, PM10
  • Increased efficiency of public transport: timeliness, safety, utilization rates
  • Increased energy efficiency of buildings and of energy grids

The CUD blueprint is based on a broadband infrastructure which enables new solutions for Work, Mobility, Energy and Buildings. For example the Cisco EnergyWise relies on the intelligence of the network to communicate messages that measure, report and control energy across the enterprise/building. It specifically focus on these goals: 1) It allows companies to be environmentally friendly by saving energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions; 2) It make clear to customers that they can reduce Energy consumption cost and understands why this is important in today‘s world climate; 3) It support Government directives around the globe that are requiring companies to be greener and increase sustainability.

The CUD approach is based on these principles:

  1. ICT directly contributes both to energy usage and CO2 reduction.
  2. Deploying urban pervasive, broadband-based, ICT applications and services improves energy efficiencies in Connected and Sustainable cities: Built Environment, Mobility, Work and Energy. It can enable radically innovative practices in the areas of urban form and planning, energy policy, new working practices, and new lifestyles.
  3. ICT and broadband connectivity have become enablers of combined, citywide urban policy, and of previously disconnected (siloed government initiatives) operational programs.

For example the” Connected Public Transit” addresses the following features: Current transit conditions (crowding and delays); trip optimization to minimize time, financial and environmental costs; transit vehicle arrival; park & ride information; mapping and guidance to nearby public transport stops/stations, and destinations; integrated payment systems of public transit (including multiple agencies), taxi, and related services, able to accommodate variable rates and special discounts; on-board wireless services, for  work and entertainment stations, similar to first-class airline services; transit priority in traffic signal controls; vehicle performance monitoring, such as driving profile, on-time reliability, passenger crowding.The CUD toolkit, that is intended to structure and institutionalize the outputs of CUD projects, is one of the outcomes. It actually contains the Executive Presentation, Project Recap / Whitepaper, Proof of Concept / prototype, Technical Architecture, Value Case and Other Tools for these efforts:

  • MOBILITY: Smart mobility and eco-footprint monitoring, The Connected Bus: San Francisco; Personal Travel Assistant: Seoul and Amsterdam; Smart Transportation Pricing: Seoul; Intelligent traffic management: Hamburg
  • WORK: Smart Work Centers: Amsterdam (108 SWC in 2011 www.w-smartwork.nl );
  • BUILDINGS AND ENERGY: Urban Energy Management: Madrid; Smart Urban Energy for Schools: Lisbon; Connected and sustainable work and living solutions: Amsterdam EnergyWise buildings and ICT: Birmingham                                   
  • ICT AND SOCIO-ECONOMICS: Urban EcoMap: San Francisco
  •  MIT Research Projects: Urban Development, Personal Travel Assistant, Connected Home, Sustainable Transportation

Amsterdam a leading Smart City

Probably the European town that is now the most committed to sustainability by leveraging the “Smart city” approach is Amsterdam. The Minister Jacqueline Cramer of VROM (Housing, Regional Development and Environment) declared on 3 June 2009 when launching the “Amsterdam Smart City” initiative: It is a very daring, ambitious plan. These are also the goals of Amsterdam endorsement of Accenture Intelligent City Network. Companies and local government institutions work together in different fields to make the city more energy-saving. This approach not only benefits the environment and health of Amsterdam citizens, but also the spending power and employment. This is the way the cabinet of the Netherlands likes to see it: municipalities addressing the climate and credit crisis at the same time. The experiences gained from Amsterdam amongst others can be applied elsewhere in the world.

Amsterdam Smart City is an ongoing effort lead by Liander, regional grid operator and Amsterdam Innovation Motor (AIM); within a two-year period, fifteen projects will be implemented in the sustainable focus areas: Working, Living, Mobility and Public Space. Many companies such as IBM, Accenture and CISCO are involved in this project or other related ones. For example Cisco will develop the network to connect household appliances to an energy management system; IBM will create the network inside the home, including connecting the home network to the web; Accenture will manage the integration of smart grid technology such as smart meters, oversee the analysis and use of data gleaned from the smart grid buildout, and support other carbon-reducing projects, and Dutch utility Nuon will develop the applications for the energy management system. Amsterdam Smart City is also partly financed by the European Fund for regional development of the European Commission. For Example Amsterdam has more than 500 km of cycle tracks and lanes, plus 900 km of bicycle friendly roads (60% of the total amount) with speed ramps and a maximum speed of 30 km/h. Amsterdam as a whole city has 740 car sharing spots (200 in the center). 90% of all housing in Amsterdam is within 400 m of a car sharing spot and in the center 80% has a car sharing spot within less than 100 m. The ultimate goal of Amsterdam Smart City is to reduce CO2 emissions by 40 percent by 2025, a feat that would place it ahead of many other cities in the Netherlands and Europe and, perhaps, attract an increasingly sustainability-minded population.

In the newsletters for example the following projects, to reduce energy use, CO2 emissions, congestion and noise, were announced:

  • The Utrechtsestraat in the Amsterdam city centre will be transformed into a Climate street, the most sustainable shopping street in Europe in cooperation with the local entrepreneurs and several enterprises. Multiple stakeholders are learning which technologies, concepts, approach and forms of cooperation are most successful to make the public space, more sustainable on a large scale. The  following Sustainable Working initiatives are planned: Smart meters & grid, Energy feedback display,  Energy scan trough the Energy desk of the Climate agency of Amsterdam, Smart plugs.  Climate Street wants to test what can be possible with the integration of: energy management systems, solar panels, water management and rubbish disposal, guided by smart grid technology, which prompts items to run on time and with the greatest efficiency. Recently the 39 energy scans in the entrepreneur’s area has yielded measures that make cost reductions of almost € 60,000 per year and environmental savings of 172,922 kg CO2 per year possible. In the last few months the first 19 entrepreneurs received a Plugwise set that was installed in their shop/restaurant, giving them insight into their energy use. The Quby of Home Automation Europe, that is used in the Climate street, recently won the “Smart Grids Innovation Award 2011”.
  • The ITO tower in the Amsterdam Zuidas area will be made sustainable with the help of the latest smart building technology for energy saving.
  • Children are learning to use energy economically at primary schools, also using an online portal.
  • 250 households testing new energy management systems in Haarlem, where Lianderin cooperation with Plugwise, provides smart plugs to enable consumers to make more informed decisions about their energy consumption.
  • Onze Energie” (Our energy) program: residents own in a cooperative a windmill park.
  • JCDecaux and Ziut introduce the GrauaLight Dimmer, an intelligent system to dim the lights in street furniture (e.g.  bus shelters, city light panels and billboards) to save up to 40% energy, while maintaining maximum visibility for outdoor advertising posters.
  • The Transmission & Distribution Europe / Smart Grids Europe Congress was held in Amsterdam from 29 to 31 March 2010. The focus of the congress was on how to create an energy system that will be stable, sustainable and profitable, now and in the future, and on developments in the field of smart grids. Amsterdam also hosted to the Smart Grids, Smart Cities, Smart Future Congress that was held on 9 and 10 November 2010. The congress was dedicated to the discussion on the development of smart networks and related issues. A great deal of attention was given to the different Smart Cities: Boulder, Amsterdam, Masdar, Malaga and Malta.
  • The Amsterdam Harbour officially put its new electric charging points into commission at the beginning of February (a similar effort was taken in Venice). As of now, all moored inland navigation and river-cruise vessels are bound to use this sustainable electricity. This is clean and sustainable and generates less noise and less CO2 emissions, and therefore promotes cleaner air.
  • By showing municipal swimming pools sustainable initiatives, these public spaces can learn how to use their energy more wisely. Amsterdam Smart City introduces several sustainable initiatives and technologies, such as the liquid swimming pool covering of HeatSavr, that being lighter than water it counters evaporation.
  • The living lab movement is growing rapidly in Europe. With already 150 locations in the European network of Living Labs. The leading living labs in the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain and Finland joined forces and started the Apollon project, which focuses on eHealth and energy efficiency. New solutions are tested across national borders to enhance cooperation.
  • On 20 April 2011, in NEMO Science Center, two years of results will be presented. Four sub areas, 14 projects, more than 50 partners; everything will be on show. The programme will consist of a plenary session, inspiring workshops and panel discussions.

Several best practices are documented: deploying smart grids, testing smart meters and “smart” energy applications with customers on site is a main area of activity for cities. For instance:

  • Amsterdam plans to invest 200 million Euro in a smart grid, particularly investing in the network mid-level. Distributed energy generation is only possible with intense management, regulation of demand and supply through ICT because renewable sources have an higher variability (think of spikes due to clouds in concentrated photovoltaic, quick variable wind speed, plug-in hybrid and electric car connected to recharge stations, smart appliances in home automation or the security risk in case of attempts to hacker the power grid).

Amsterdam is also member of the Connected Urban Development (CUD) cities with San Francisco, Amsterdam, Seoul, Birmingham, Hamburg, Lisbon, and Madrid. It’s a leading initiative with CISCO that aims to demonstrate how to leverage ICT, above all high connectivity and collaboration, in order to reduce carbon emissions, delivering innovative, sustainable models for urban planning and economic development.

The IQPC’s Smart Cities Summit, taking place February 23-24 in Rotterdam, will be an opportunity to learn Smart City best practices from Amsterdam and other European frontrunners

The birth of THINK! : The Innovation Knowledge Foundation

On October, 14th 2010 was announced the birth of “THINK! – The Innovation Knowledge Foundation“, an independent, international no-profit foundation whose mission is to spread the culture of innovation and promote the use of digital technologies as a means of favoring economic growth, the quality of life and human development in general.

Under the guidance of Roberto Masiero, in his new role as President of THINK!, the Foundation intends to make use of the knowledge of innovation as factor of growth, productivity and development. In order to achieve these ambitious objectives THINK! will draw on the collaboration of an authoritative Scientific Committee of prestigious economic, financial, industrial and academic specialists, and the contributions of an extended network of international affiliated experts.

The THINK! Foundation has the following aims:

  • to establish a research institute or “think tank” to collect, process, share and spread information concerning the use of ICT, digital and science-driven technologies in order to overcome the digital divide and promote innovation processes, human development and the quality of life in an era characterised by the central importance of energy issues and envirenmental sustainability;
  • to support public leaders and decision makers by helping them to understand and stimulate the new economy of innovation through the discussion and analysis of case studies of the use of ICT, digital and other new technologies to favour economic growth and the competitiveness of companies, industries and economies as a whole;
  • to promote and support no-profit programmes and initiatives based on the use of information and digital technologies with the aim of promoting economic growth and human development in mature, emerging and developing countries.

The Foundation will undertake a wide range of research activities that will give rise to a series of papers intended to clarify the broad scenarios of change and (more pragmatically) support public and private decision makers in selecting the innovation processes to be introduced into companies and other organizations, as well as into local and national government policies.

I authored one of them : The Smart City vision: How Innovation and ICT can build smart, “liveable”, sustainable cities.

You are all invited to contribute to this effort!

Smart Grid

With this post I’m experimenting a different longer format because the smart grid topic is very broad and complex.

According to ERGEG (European Regulators’ Group for Electricity and Gas) defining what is a “smart grid” is not easy, their attempt is probably one of the most exhaustive: (citation from E09-EQS-30-04, 10 December 2009) “Though elements of smartness also exist in many parts of existing grids, the difference between today’s grid and a smart grid of the future is mainly the grid’s capability to handle more complexity than today in an efficient and effective way. This increased complexity is due to, inter alia:

  • Massive implementation of distributed generation at LV and MV level including the need for an efficient regulatory treatment of license applications;
  • Implementation of large intermittent generation located geographically far away from the load centers;
  • Changes in customers’ behavior (i.e. an active demand side);
  • Reduction of losses (e.g. through appropriate distributed generation which is located close to areas with high consumption);
  • Increased use of self-healing technologies.

I just should add to the previous list that: a smart grid can combine an increasing amount of sensor data, distributed embedded processing and analytic intelligence with bidirectional and distributed generation, proactive actions and storage, in order to improve reliability and lower both economical and environmental costs, while extending coverage and availability (400 millions Indians still have no access to electricity, just 44% of rural households have access to it). All stakeholders of a smart grid n-way infrastructure, including householders and appliances constructors, can be directly involved in the real time trading of energy, balancing their needs, costs and investments.

According to the SMART 2020 report (by The Climate Group on behalf of the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI), with independent analysis by McKinsey & Company):  ICT could drive efficiency across the economy and deliver emission savings of 15%-7.8GtCO2e – of global BAU emissions in 2020; Smart grids alone is the biggest and most accessible opportunities for achieving savings because it can contribute up to 2.03 GtCO2e in 2020, worth €79 billion. A detailed case on the effect of smart grid was done for India to prove that it’s a winning lever for mitigation of climate changes (electricity generation currently accounts for 57% of India’s total emissions) since: “Reducing T&D losses in India’s power sector by 30% is possible through better monitoring and management of electricity grids, first with smart meters and then by integrating more advanced ICTs into the so-called energy internet”. Smart2020.org organization wrote that just the  optimization of the distribution grid “can reduce electric generation requirements and related carbon by 3 to 5% without impacting on, or requiring any change in, customer behavior. These benefits can be realized as on-going energy efficiency, at peak load or a combination thereof”.  The following figure from the SMART 2020 report shows the estimated global impact of Smart Grid on GHG.

Many smart grid system schemes have sprung up in recent years, ranging from a European effort centered on smart phones to Google’s PowerMeter in alliance with General Electric (its Advanced Distribution Infrastructure solution provides real-time distribution system information and allows utilities to control network assets from the operations center to the customer location). The U.S. economic stimulus package funded $4.5 billion towards implementing the Smart Grid provisions of the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 which made the Smart Grid a policy of the United States.  US ARPA-E, a subset of the U.S. Department of Energy, is spending, under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, over $300 million for more than 100 research projects aimed at improving energy efficiency, transmission, and storage. In Europe the Key Performance Indicators of the EUROPEAN INITIATIVE ON SMART CITIES  include within the Energy Networks activity “Establishment of smart grids coupled with smart building and equipment, RES electricity and smart meters. At least 20 pilot schemes by 2015“. An example of the resulting effort is the Amsterdam’s one: it that plans to invest 200 million Euro in a smart grid, particularly in the network mid-level. The Amsterdam effort involves for example:

  • 250 households testing new energy management systems in Haarlem, where Liander in cooperation with Plugwise, is providing smart plugs to enable consumers to make more informed decisions about their energy consumption.
  • JCDecaux and Ziut are introducing the GrauaLight Dimmer, an intelligent system to dim the lights in street furniture (e.g.  bus shelters, city light panels and billboards) to save up to 40% energy, while maintaining maximum visibility for outdoor advertising posters
  • The Transmission & Distribution Europe / Smart Grids Europe Congress was held in Amsterdam from 29 to 31 March 2010. The focus of the congress was on how to create an energy system that will be stable, sustainable and profitable, now and in the future, and on developments in the field of smart grids.

Distributed energy generation is only possible with intense management, regulation of demand and supply through ICT because distributed and variable renewable sources and hourly demands are core issues (think of spikes due to clouds in concentrated photovoltaic, variable wind speed, plug-in hybrid and electric car connected to recharge stations, smart appliances in home automation or the security risk in case of attempts to hacker the power grid).

The well known “Pecan Street Project“, since its launch in 2008, is working  to create, operate, and evaluate an “open platform Energy Internet” – a type of smart grid that allows two-way electricity and information flow, allowing for use, interpretation and change at every point on the system. This Pecan smart grid model is based on the Internet’s architecture: “Think of it as Energy 2.0”. Pecan project has representatives from: City of Austin, Austin Chamber of Commerce, Austin Energy, Austin Technology Incubator, Environmental Defense Fund, The University of Texas at Austin. The City of Austin has been designated as the project’s clean energy laboratory for designing and implementing: “an energy generation and management system that generates a power plant’s worth of power from clean sources within the city limits and delivers it over an advanced delivery system that allows for unprecedented customer energy management and conservation“.

The “smart grid” will integrate advanced functions into the nation’s electric grid to enhance reliability, efficiency, and security, and would also contribute to the climate change strategic goal of reducing carbon emissions. These advancements will be achieved by modernizing the electric grid with information-age technologies, such as microprocessors, communications, advanced computing, and information technologies. The Pecan project includes web and mobile applications to allow householders monitor near real time their energy usage data, renewable distributed generators and smart appliances and meters, data collection and analysis, water conservation, etc. Corporate partners include: Applied Materials, Cisco, Dell, Freescale, GE, GridPoint, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Oracle, Semantech.

Several global companies are leading in the smart grid race:

(disclaimer: I’m providing here some examples that are not exhaustive neither attempt to provide a score to the involved companies)

Accenture launched several initiatives related to smart grids, basing on its experience in the utility markets and ICT technology:

·         “Intelligent Network Data Enterprise” (INDE) that “enables utilities to manage, integrate and analyze real-time data generated by millions of disparate sources throughout a utility’s smart grid network.  Transforming the data into actionable and predictive insights allows a utility to take actions to increase operational performance“. INDE provides utilities with the blueprint, tools, processes, services, databases, analytics and visualization capabilities.  Its solution architecture was applied at Xcel Energy’s SmartGridCityTM, in Boulder, CO, US and it’s used as a blueprint for a large number of projects. INDE is based on three layers:

o   The software layer between “raw” data from the grid and the utility’s existing operations and enterprise IT systems, acting  like a central nervous system.

o   The integration platform unifying heterogeneous components (i.e. communications, smart meters, intelligent network components and sensors).  It aims at building an open, standards-based data acquisition, transport, event processing and storage architecture.

o   The visualization capabilities to better observe use analytics and manage intelligent device components.  A full energy service energy company need to manage an enormous, growing amount of data and information with proper meta-data and analytics solutions.

·         “The Accenture Intelligent City Network” that involves by invitation selected smart cities, like Boulder (CO, US) and Amsterdam (NL), and innovative utilities, like Xcel Energy and Alliander, to share information about their best practices in leveraging technologies like smart grids and new transformational approaches to the environmental issues.  The first objective is “Drive action to tackle smart grid challenge and reduce the implementation time through technology, operational effectiveness and behavioural change”

The IBM Smart planet strategic initiative has Smart Grid as a core component working on several nationwide efforts like: The island-nation of Malta that is building the world’s first national smart grid, which will also monitor the country’s water systems; China, that has embarked on a decade-long smart power grid program: the State Grid Corporation of China. The company is currently working on seven of the world’s ten largest automated meter management projects. Now utilities have access to an increasing amount of sensor data and digitized information (including for example weather data) that can be interconnected, so that information flows between them creating additional value. IBM states that the newly available information can be used for intelligent and informed decision making by predictive analytics IBM has also created the Green Sigma Coalition, with ABB, Cisco, Eaton, ESS, Honeywell, Johnson Controls, SAP, Schneider Electric, and Siemens. An ecosystem of partnership is needed to combine various skills and services to meld not only energy demand from HVAC, lighting and temperature control systems with security and other services, within buildings and over groups of buildings and factories.

Microsoft teamed up with several industry partners, like Puget Sound Energy, Sacramento Municipal Utility District , Seattle City Light, Xcel Energy, Itron Inc., Blue Line Innovations PowerCost Monitor, Ford and Landis+Gyr, to make easier for consumers to automatically access granular energy consumption data for electricity and gas, in order to support a smart grid effort. By Microsoft Hohm, a free Web-based beta application built on Azure (a cloud computing environment) householders can better understand their home energy usage, get recommendations to conserve energy and start saving by smarter decisions. Hohm uses advanced analytics, licensed from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Department of Energy, to give highly personalized energy saving recommendations, that are tailored based on specific household circumstances, including home attributes and use of appliances and systems. Users are invited to compare their energy usage with others in the same neighborhood, or across the country and share advices and results, leveraging social networking and “ask the expert” approach in building awareness.  An SDK allows Microsoft partners to integrate with the system, to facilitates communication between the utility company and their customers, and helps consumers keep track of home maintenance and improvement tasks. In the future utilities should be able to implement “demand side management” to reduce, as previously agreed with customers, the energy consumed by specific appliances during peak hours, for example switching off or setting thermostats of  air conditioning or postponing the start of washing machine.

The most known Google effort related to sustainability is probably Google Power Meter, done in partnership with General Electric and several other utilities and power meters builders. Google Power Meter helps citizens in monitoring their home electricity usage by Google Power Meter, a free on-line energy monitoring tool that helps users save energy and money. It uses energy information provided by utilities, smart meters and energy monitoring devices. Google claims that consumers using Power Meter can see in near real-time how much energy they are using: with simple behavioral changes they can save up to 15% of their electricity use, and even more with smart electricity pricing and investments in energy efficiency. Google has recently  opened up the PowerMeter’s API making much easier for home networking vendors to integrate their products.

CISCO is creating a Smart Grid Ecosystem  and a Smart Grid Technical Advisory Board to facilitate the adoption of IP based communications standards for smart grids that will benefit the energy industry as well as business and residential customers.

General Electric is focusing on smart grid, as a core component of its CEO, Jeffrey Immelt, who wanted to be on the forefront of the green revolution,  for example G.E. is opening a new smart grid technology center in Atlanta, Georgia, in partnership with the Georgia Institute of Technology, that shoud create 400 cleantech jobs over the next three years. It also presented the Wattstation, an electric vehicle charger that is smart-grid compatible and Nucleus, a communication and data storage device that provides consumers with secure information about their household electricity use and costs so they can make more informed choices.

G.E. has also a very strong communication efforts to a larger public on the Ecomagination site, using animation and augmented reality to make it more appealing and launching “the biggest quest for ideas in history: GE ecomagination Challenge: Powering the Grid,” an open innovation challenge that will give $200 million to smart grid ideas submitted through GE’s ecomagination website (a clever use of crowd sourcing). I also notice the post “Why Don’t Consumers Get The Smart Grid?” by David Leeds where he explain that: “To utilities, a smarter grid will lay the foundation for technologies that seemed outlandishly futuristic a few years ago: electric cars, cities that can insulate themselves from rolling blackouts, homes automatically tuning themselves to the weather and alternative energy that can compete economically with coal. But to consumers, the smart grid so far is an extra charge on their bill they don’t particularly like. Why don’t consumers seem to care about the smart grid? The answer in part lies in a lack of awareness. A recent poll conducted by General Electric found that 79 percent of Americans were unfamiliar with the term, but those that understood it generally supported its goals.” Also Mark Scott form Business Week warned one year ago that: “Yet despite the cost savings, consumer advocates still caution that not everyone will benefit from smart meters. Vulnerable groups, particularly the poor and elderly, may become victims to price spikes. And privacy concerns that utilities could use the data collected through smart meters without the permission of customers still dog many potential rollouts“. An answer to these concerns will probably be provided by a new organization created by an alliance of consumer electronics and technology companies (including G.E. and IBM), retailers, utility firms and consumer groups: the Smart Grid Consumer Collaborative (SGCC).

An unusual approach has been taken by GroundedPower, a start-up founded by a small team of experts “who understand the psychological and behavioral processes that people use to interact with technology”. They are applying behavioral science principles and collaborative software design to the problem of consumer driven energy management and efficiency. Heterogeneous experts (i.e. utility management, energy policy, IP & wireless networking, web based and collaborative software development and behavioral/cognitive psychology) are working together to create a real-time, interactive, consumer-driven energy management platform that provides the tools required to engage, motivate and empower consumers to more effectively use and manage energy. It combines real-time energy monitoring with an integrated suite of consumer engagement and behavioral tools. Householders can compare and compete with peers or earn rewards in a social-networking type interface. This approach leverage active learning processes, social networking  and social gaming to keep customers coming back to learn more and take further actions to save energy and money.

It might be less obvious that not only energy (utilities), construction (home automation and remote energy monitoring) and ICT are involved with smart grids. For example transportation is depending on smart grid to support the development of an electricity grid for hybrid and electric vehicles. As a matter of fact the impact on the electricity grid of a growing number of plug-in vehicles may be disruptive if not properly planned and managed. The opposite is probably not true:  even if electric vehicles and distributed renewable generation fail in the market, the smart grid is still needed to manage expensive peak demand and provide improved power reliability and lower prices.

One of the transportation related company that is betting on the sustainability green revolution is Renault that writes: “Electric vehicles are in phase with current public issues. They are silent and, because they emit no CO2, NOx or particulate matter, they also respect the environment.” This result will be achieved by changing the market rules with a new vision that is specifically attractive in a smart city: “you will buy an electric vehicle, rent a battery and sign a contract to use recharge stations located in the street, near the office and in parking lots.” Electric cars will probably match with the car sharing approach, leveraging the role of ICT and smart grids for security, flexible cost and payment, reservation, location based services, planning. Electric car batteries and ultra capacitors can play also a strategic storage role, helping in managing demand peaks (charge batteries according to planned usage and lower night energy cost, but also sell energy during short peak time or avoid peak load when all people return home and plug-in their cars) in a bi-directional electricity grid, enabling a smarter energy trading extended  to end users (the integration will involve also home automation and smart appliances). Obviously this is not an easy problem, for this reason multiple alliances have been established for electric vehicle involving car makers like Renault-Nissan or utilities like RDF, RWE, Enel or A2A in Italy (where Enel is leading in EU with more than 32 millions smart meters that  have been already installed and managed for remote metering and hourly based pricing, compared with 38 million smart meter installed in U.S.), up to the revolutionary start-up “Better Place” (that has a partnership agreement also with Renault-Nissan). A newer version of Microsoft hohm should work in concert with Ford’s Focus would decide the best time to charge cars at lowest cost (such as late at night) and could eventually allow homeowners to tap their charged car batteries to help power home appliances and cut costs.

Better Place it’s a venture that aims “to reduce global dependency on oil distribution infrastructure through the creation of a market-based transportation infrastructure that supports electric vehicles“. Better Place will provide not only a battery rental model and optimized recharge stations, but also a quick service of battery switching stations and ICT services, to take care of optimized location and travel planning for battery recharge or replace (in only two minutes). The expensive lithium batteries are not bought by the users, they are rented and owned by Better Place that track them by GPS & GPRS. This high tech solution, combined with country based agreement,  such as in Denmark and Israel plus other 25 regions, will make electric cars more attractive not only for the prevailing short travels in city usage that are already compatible with battery capacity, but also for longer, even if less frequent, intercity travels. The approach is derived by the charging model of Cellular phone industry, where customers contract for minutes and often lease the phone. It also put in evidence the role of financial and infrastructure services in the building of smart grids and smart transportation because there is a strong need of combining economies of scale with reliability to make it feasible. I think it is enlightening what was Posted by Amit Nisenbaum, Head of Subsidiaries Enablement “The giants of Silicon Valley are typically of the information technology type, from Google to Intel, Facebook to Microsoft. Now that the cleantech industry is running alongside the IT industry as the high-growth place to be, we see human talent migrating from one industry to the other, and finding different practices when they get there.

In the long run I should guess that “Internet of things” (or M2M) may converge with “Smart Grid” in managing interconnected information, knowledge, sensors, actuators and energy to power them in a sustainable holistic global network.

Cheers,

Donato

Announcing the World Smart City Forum

On July 1st at the “Arsenale” of Venice, Italy, a terrific masterpiece of pre-industrial archeology, where the historic vessels were built, allowing Venice to become a powerful republic, opening the door to commercial trade between Europe, Mediterranean sea and Far East (including Marco Polo’s famous travel to China), I was directly involved in an exciting event related also to the impact of Green ICT on sustainability:

The Innovation group announced during VeneziaCamp 2010 the launch of “World Smart City Forum, to be held next year in the same place, with a broader participation of experts and stakeholders representatives.

I’m providing here just some insight from my presentation and the founder’s one more related to the scope of this blog, since a short recording is available in the following link (sorry that the speeches were in Italian since VeniceCamp 2010 public was mostly Italians, obviously we plan for a more international event next year, above all for speakers and Best Practices in smart & sustainable cities):

Why Cities are so important to achieve sustainability:

55% of the world population already lives in a city, by 2050: Urban population should reach 70%. Cities occupy 2% of the world’s geography but account for 75% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, (but as David Owen proved in his book “Green Metropolis” average people living in cities have a lower impact than ones in rural, dispersed environment in developed countries). The 100 largest cities account for and 25% of GDP. This drive for cities to cut carbon emissions and increase the energy received from renewable sources and efficiency, while providing better services and leverage e-democracy.

Smart City to Serve the Community, the Environment , the Culture and the Economic Sustainable Recovery

  • A “smart” city is a city that makes a conscious effort to uptake innovative ICT based solutions to:

–      Improve conditions of living, studying, working  and enjoying social relations

–      Support a more open, inclusive, efficient and sustainable urban environment.

  • This open and holistic model, empowered by a smart City leadership, enables:

–      A seamless creative environment involving the relevant city players and stakeholders

–      Environment sustainability aligned with the Economic and employment development while addressing social inclusion and cultural growth.

A great example is the Network of European Smart Cities (Eurocities) by Vienna University of Technology since it provides  an Holistic View, from which I derived next slide:


This means to address the role of ICT in increasing the efficiency and lowering waste of resources of a smart city as a complex system of systems as in this slide:


I should conclude this first excerpt on Smart City Forum with the following slide that summarize the Innovation Group approach to this topic:


Cheers,

Donato

Sustainable development of London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games

Sustainable development was a mandatory constraint of London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, since the original bid in 2007. In the bid a promise was made that London would be the ‘most sustainable Games ever’ with an independent monitor commission. This effort has become even more important due to the criticisms on the sustainability front of the Beijing’s Games- thousands of people were displaced to build the Olympic Park, while the smog, algae, choking traffic and alarming increase in demand for energy were all pointing to an environmental disaster, until late serious counter-actions were taken with over $16.4 billion in environmental infrastructure for the Olympics, saving a reported 1.2 million to 1.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

The effort to take a huge event like Olympic Games, with a plenty of people conveyed in a busy large town for a very short timeframe, and seriously reduce its footprint compared with the past editions is daunting. The organizing committee must take decisions on how suppliers and sponsorship partners are chosen, to promote appropriate training and long term employment opportunities and tackle global issues such as climate change. Sustainable development means:  “making the most out of the social, economic and environmental benefits that will come with hosting such a major sporting and cultural event and creating a positive legacy for the future”.

As the the Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 posts on its own home page of its portal:

” By setting ambitious standards, inspiring innovation and new approaches to partnerships, London, the rest of the UK and the world can benefit from the London Games, long after the closing ceremony. “

Last week, during the event Acquisti & Sostenibilita’, 3 years achievements and future projects public presentation,  I had the great pleasure to listen to Shaun McCharty, Director of Action Sustainability, that took a very interesting speech at the A&S Milan meeting  about his role as director of the  Commission for a sustainable London 2012 Olympic. You can read in the Shaun’s blog about his restless efforts.  A video interview to Shaun McCarthy – Action Sustainability at Green IT EXPO 2009 is available here

On the cslondon web you can find many useful documents because the commission has a duty to report to the Olympic Board and to the public its work. For example:

•·         The governance, planning, information gathering and reporting processes Assuring a Legacy: The Sustainable Development Assurance Framework for the London 2012 Games Programme].

  • No time to waste A review of Waste and Resource Management across the London 2012
  • A review of LOCOG’s Procurement:  Procuring the Games
  • A review of the approach taken to carbon measurement and management across the London 2012 programme Extinguishing Emissions?

These are a few examples of figures provided in the presentation by Shaun

Other information are available on the sustainability section of the Olympic portal

http://www.london2012.com/making-it-happen/sustainability/index.php

such as this example of ICT usage for their monthly dust and noise environmental monitoring reports.

I think that many other events like Universal EXPO (Shanghai EXPO 2010, Yeosu Expo 2012 , Milan EXPO 2015) since they are all related to sustainable related topics such as “Better City Better Life” “The Living Ocean” and “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”.

Best Regards, Donato